New institute to develop ‘smart breeding’ method for more resilient, sustainable and climate-adaptive agriculture
The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) will contribute 15 million euros to a CropXR research programme into ‘smart breeding’ of more resilient crops. NWO’s grant marks the start of the new Dutch institute, which will integrate plant biology, computational modelling, and artificial intelligence into ‘smart breeding methods’. Those will be used to develop crop varieties that are more resilient to climate change and less dependent on chemical crop protection.
In CropXR, four Dutch universities and dozens of plant breeding, biotech and processing companies will collaborate on basic scientific research, data collection and data sharing, education, and advancing broad application of the results.
More sustainable and climate-proof agriculture
“The fact that NWO makes a substantial investment in PlantXR, a 10-year research programme central to CropXR, demonstrates its confidence in the mission of the new institute,” says Guido van den Ackerveken, Scientific Director of CropXR. “I am very proud of the collaboration of so many different partners and stakeholders in this programme. Both universities, companies and stakeholders representing the green sector feel united in contributing to our mission: making crops more resilient, sustainable, and climate-adaptive. Thanks to the NWO-contribution, we can now start our research needed to reach our common goals and make this journey a great success.”
zink, chair of the Programme Committee of NWO’s KIC innovation programme, said: “With Long-Term Programmes, NWO offers long-term funding for strategic research by public-private consortia. It provides substantial funding, which offers a powerful boost to the development of a scientific field. In this particular case, it gives PlantXR, as part of CropXR, a better chance to successfully develop resilient crops that can remain productive even under harsh environmental conditions.”
Integrating plant biology, computational modelling, and AI
In the research program co-funded by NWO, academic research groups and mainly Dutch plant breeding companies will collaborate in developing a ‘smart’ method that will enable breeders to make crops more resistant more quickly. By innovatively integrating modern plant biology with artificial intelligence (AI) and computational modelling, they will learn to understand and predict how plants, using a complex interplay of multiple hereditary factors, can better withstand stress conditions. Using this knowledge, they will then develop stronger, more resilient varieties of several model crops.
At present, developing more resilient plants is very difficult and takes a very long time. The newly developed ‘smart breeding’ method is anticipated to speed up the work of both traditional plant breeders and tho
se who apply new breeding technologies.
Infrastructure, education, social dialogue, and marketing
In addition to research, CropXR will invest in shared data infrastructure. Together with universities of applied sciences it will also work to promote training for professionals. It will advance broad application of its ‘smart breeding’ method by interacting and working with breeding companies and other stakeholders such as consumer organisations, environmental and development NGOs, both in the Netherlands and abroad.
The sooner a wide range of seeds, tubers, and other starting materials for more resilient crops will be available in various markets, the sooner farmers and consumers will benefit.
More resilience urgently needed
Speeding up the development of extra-resilient (XR) crops is urgently needed worldwide because many crops are faced with more extreme conditions such as heat, drought, flooding, and pathogens, partly because of climate change. At the same time, environmental regulations are becoming stricter, which will reduce farmers’ ability to treat their crops with chemical fertilizer, pesticides and other plant protection products. For agricultural production to become sustainable in coming decades, it will need crops that are more resilient.
About the CropXR
CropXR is an initiative of four Dutch knowledge institutions (Utrecht University, Wageningen University and Research, the University of Amsterdam, and Delft University of Technology) and Plantum, the umbrella organisation of approximately 250 Dutch-based producers of plant propagation materials who together are global export market leaders in starting materials such as vegetable seeds, seed potatoes and ornamental crops.
Apart from NWO’s Long Term Programme, CropXR will also receive funding from the Dutch National Growth Fund. Financial contributions also come from the Foundation for Food & Agricultural Research (FFAR), the private consortium partners and the participating knowledge institutions.
CropXR will help to make agricultural production less vulnerable to climate change and less dependent on artificial fertilizers and chemical pesticides, thereby also creating growth opportunities for relevant economic sectors in the Netherlands.
In addition to knowledge institutions, dozens of public and private partners participate in CropXR’s work, including ‘green’ universities of applied sciences, biotechnology companies, processing industries and large and medium-sized plant breeding companies..
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